When COVID-19 began spreading in early 2020, no countries had digital systems in place specifically designed to respond to this new pandemic. However, many low- and middle-income countries were already using DHIS2 to collect and analyze health data for public health programs, including several that had begun to use DHIS2 for infectious disease surveillance, building on features and lessons learned from the 2014 Ebola epidemic. This allowed countries around the world–with the support of the HISP network, their own national DHIS2 teams, and core team at the HISP Centre–to rapidly develop and deploy digital tools using DHIS2 to aid COVID-19 response, including modules for COVID testing, contact tracing, port of entry screening, and vaccination programs. As a result, DHIS2 was evaluated as a leading digital solution for COVID-19 response by Johns Hopkins University, the CDC, and Digital Square, and quickly adopted by countries around the world.
Explore the map below to see where the DHIS2 COVID-19 toolkits have been used, and click on countries with an “i” icon to learn more about how DHIS2 was used to make an impact in that country’s COVID-19 response.
By the end of 2023, 59 countries had deployed DHIS2 for COVID-19 disease surveillance, vaccination, or both, a testament to the importance of strong routine systems, in-country capacity, and local ownership of the technology when responding to an urgent crisis. This rapid scale up in country implementation and innovation was made possible by emergency COVID-19 funding for the HISP network from the US CDC, Norad, and Gavi. For many countries, this resulted in a significant increase in DHIS2 technological capacity and system scope, with the introduction or scale-up of Tracker as a tool for digital management of individual patient data and Android for mobile data collection, as well as the strengthening of DHIS2 for immunization and Disease Surveillance programs. It also represents an opportunity, as the pandemic winds down, for countries to leverage these COVID-19 investments to strengthen their routine health systems.
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